© 2019 by SOIL Limited.

Lacquer Art

Lacquer art in China has a long history. The oldest lacquer ware discovered dates back to the Warring States period (403-221 B.C.). The value of a piece of lacquerware only begins with the materials used to make it. A high quality piece of lacquerware requires the skills of several different elements: lacquer, layers, core materials, decoration, colors and design.

 

漆藝

 

漆藝起源於中國,歷史悠久。最古老的漆器早在戰國時代(公元前 403至221年)時已經出現。漆器的價值首先取決於製作時的原材物料,而高質素的漆器還要講究以下幾個元素:漆、分層、胎體、裝飾、顏 色、設計和製作流程。

 

Video Courtesy of Black Elephant Studio.



Process making of lacquerware  漆器的製作流程
 

1/ Lacquer

Natural lacquer should come from the sap of the lacquer tree. The Chinese character for lacquer, pronounced  "ch'i" 「漆」 , is pictographic. One of its components, pronounced  "mu" 「木」(meaning wood),forms the top part of the word.In the middle two side strokes protrude downwards like taps that have been sunk into a tree. The lower part of the word is formed by a component, pronounced "shui"「水」 (meaning water), which signifies the

flow of sap from the wood.

 

2/ Layers

Lacquer is applied in numerous thin layers on the surface, each being allowed to dry before the addition of the next.

 

3/ Core materials

Core materials can be made of wood, leather,bamboo,paper, textiles or even horsehair. Exposed to air, the lacquer forms a plastic coat on the core materials, resistant to water.

 

4/ Decoration

There are different decoration techniques including carving, engraving,etching, inlaid and gold gilded. All are done by hand with the aid of primitive tools.

 

5/ Colours

Natural pigments such as cinnabar,orpiment (yellow) and Indigo can turn black lacquer into different colours.

 

6/ Design

The price depends upon the intricacy of design in relation to the amount of time taken to create and decorate an object.

 

7/ Process

Lacquer requires a dust-free, warm, moist atmosphere in which to dry and harden. Objects are placed on shelves to dry in between the various preparatory surface and decorative processes. This drying process may take from 3 to 10 days depending upon the weather. It may take up to 4-8 months to complete a particularly fine piece of lacquer.

 

1/  漆

漆是從漆樹皮層採集的汁液,是一種天然塗料。「漆」是一個象形文字,上部從「木」,中間左右各一撇,

像從樹幹伸出向下的兩條管道。下部從「水」,表示有汁液從樹木流出。

 

2/  分層

把樹漆一層一層地塗在器皿上,每完成一層,得先待乾透,才能再塗上另一層。

 

3/  胎體

漆依附的胎體,可以是木、皮、竹、紙、布或馬毛。漆接觸到空氣後便會在胎體表面形成防水的膠膜。

 

4/  裝飾

人手裝飾的方法有:雕漆、雕繪、雕填、鑲嵌、描金。

 

5/  顏色

採用天然的礦物顏色如朱砂、雌黃、靛藍等。

 

6/  設計

價格視乎設計的複雜及精緻度,亦即製作及雕飾的時間長短而定。

 

7/  製作流程

樹漆必須在無塵、温暖及潮濕的環境下才能凝固。器皿在每一次塗漆或雕飾的工序後都要放在架子上「陰乾」。每次陰乾需時三至十天,受天氣影響而有所不同。要完成一件高品質的漆器需要四至八個月。

 

 

 

 

Interview 訪問文章:

Eat and Travel  Weekly, May 2012

New Monday, 2012

 

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About SOIL

Founded in 2012,  SOIL aims to promote crafts through the inspiring history, culture and humanity behind them.

 

We offer a new perspective and experience to traditional crafts. 

In collaborations with designers and craftsmen across different 

disciplines and cultures, we hope to create better craft designs exposed to alternative methods and materials. Collaboration spreads our design sphere of influence and breaks down walls with new approaches.

SOIL 土壤文創於2012年成立,與不同地域的創作人合作,

嘗試從歷史、人文和文化的角度,研究及推廣傳統手作設計,讓手工藝重回現代人的生活中。

我們連結不同領域、喜愛及深懂工藝的創作人和傳統匠人,

一同發想、一同設計,讓傳統工藝與現代設計互相對話和影響。

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